Stereotyping has been going on for a long time. We see something different and we try to make it easily definable by using simplistic, often demeaning, words describing something as complex as an entire culture, or race. In his newest release, ″Detour Guide″, Karim Nagi tackles this issue with humour and intelligence, while expressing pride in his culture and people
Nagi is more than just a musician. In fact he's a multi-media one man cultural ambassador. He does everything from running educational programmes in schools to teaching Arabic dance and music in both traditional and modern settings. While his work is entertaining and fun, everything he does has the underlying goal of breaking the mould of the stereotypical view the West has of the Arab world.
″Detour Guide″ is Nagi's guided tour through the Arab world. From the causes of the Arab Spring, which swept like wildfire through the Middle East, to the struggles of the immigrant trying to get by in America, he takes the listener on an incredible, eye-opening journey. Not only does he seek to enlighten people about the vibrant Arabic culture, he shows us the continuous uphill struggle the Arab world faces in the fight against cultural stereotyping.
One man band
Save for one song, "Heart Full of Cairo" (lyrics and vocals by Pleasant Gehman), Nagi wrote and provides narration/vocals for all of the tracks on the disc. The music is a mixture of traditional and modern; with electronics meshing seamlessly with drums and ouds. However, he doesn't just blend genres, he also works in street sounds and other found recordings to help create an atmosphere of reality.
While the disc is divided up into 12 tracks, in some senses it is one long collage of sound, with each song leading into the next. Although at first hearing it's a little overwhelming and is hard to pick out individual thoughts and ideas, if you simply relax, sit back and enjoy the ride, you will find yourself being drawn into Nagi's incredible creation.
Like all good tour guides he starts us off with a snappy introduction, "Take A Ride With The Detour Guide", a collage of sound and music driven by a pulsing drum beat tells us we're in for an exciting ride. As the title of the song and the CD imply, don't be surprised by sudden turns along the way, taking you in unexpected directions.
There's no easing into this journey either. He starts us off with the acerbic and satiric "Your First Arab". After asking us where we might have met our first Arab ("At a family run grocery?/At a gas pump?/Or in a doctor's office?"), Nagi then wonders if we asked him or her "Important, thrillingly existential questions like.../What is the secret to smooth hummus?/If a woman wears a head scarf, isn't it too warm?". However, the joking and teasing come to end with, "And then finally a question worth answering... why did everyone in multiple countries Revolt At The Same Time???".
Window on the Arab world
This leads into the disc’s second track, ″Yalla Yalla″, about the uprisings of the Arab Spring. "Yalla Yalla/Ool Inshallash/From Kuwait to Casablanca/All the young ones rising up yo/First in Tunis, then came Cairo", rings the chorus. However, it's not that simple and Nagi succinctly sums up for us how decades of oppressive one-man dictatorship in these countries created a tinderbox awaiting a single spark to set off the explosion. "Until one day from Tunis/A fruit man, was beaten along with his fruit stand/He didn't give a bribe/police revoked his permit/So he took his own body and he burned it/All of Tunis inhaled this smoke/and the plan became to revolt."
Nagi tackles the issue of the West stereotyping Arab culture in the sixth and seventh songs on the disc, "ReOrientalism" and "Oriental Magic Carpet". (Actually the topic comes up in quite a few songs, but these two attack the issue head on).
After introducing us to the variety of ways Arabs have been depicted down through the years by Western popular culture, "ReOrientalism" concludes with: "Can you understand how fascination travels/from the love of caravan romance/To terror and profiling, all on the heals of a camel?/Fantasy is a type of Stereo (type)/Stereo, two speakers/One for either ear/Telling you to both desire AND fear."
What's wonderful about this disc is how Nagi prevents it from becoming a simple polemic with his wonderful sense of humour. Tracks like "What Arabs Do For Fun" ("We have fun by talking politics in a small room/yelling at someone who probably agrees with us...we enjoy crowding a hospital room full of everyone we know/around the bed of our sick loved-one.") and "Baladi Tuktuk" ("He was an immigrant to America/Serving canned Hummus/it's a joke joke/So he left Aladdins, Back to Cairo/Now he drives his own Tuktuk.") show us how in spite of cultural differences, we all celebrate the same things and face the same troubles.
Humour overlaid with pride
Any child of immigrants will recognise their families in these songs and others on ″Detour Guide″. While it might specifically address issues facing Arabs and how they're represented in the world, anyone who has faced the same stigmas of stereotyping can easily identify with what Nagi is singing about.
Finally, this disc is about not being ashamed of who you are and where you come from. "If I Were Hummus" and "Heart Full of Cairo" are both testimonies to this type of pride addressed in different manners. In the former, Nagi ends the song with the lines "I am an Arab even when American/You can buy hummus at a market/But you can not pay me to forget". With the latter, he has set the lyrics and voice of Pleasant Gehman to a soundscape of street sounds from Cairo. It's a total immersion of the senses into the mind into the city, and if you listen closely you can hear the hopes and dreams of the people who live there.
″Detour Guide″ is an extraordinary CD from the mind and heart of an extremely gifted and talented artist. It introduces us to an Arab world we never see in the movies or television news. Nagi has created an affectionate portrait, warts and all, that everybody who cares about the world should listen to.